# The Basics of Roullete

Gambling Apr 1, 2024

Roullete (French for “little wheel”) is a casino game in which a small ball is released in the opposite direction of a revolving wheel and players make bets on which red or black numbered compartment the ball will come to rest in. Bets may also be placed on various groupings of numbers, the colors, or whether the number is odd or even. The game originated in France and was probably derived from the older games hoca and portique. A fanciful story attributes the invention of roulette to 17th-century French mathematician Blaise Pascal, while more probable accounts place its development in the 18th century in the casinos and gambling houses of Europe.

The roulette wheel contains 37 compartments, alternately numbered in red and black and including one green zero. The symmetry of the wheel and table layout creates the illusion that the odds of hitting a particular number are independent of the specific pocket into which the ball settles. In actuality, the house has an advantage over each bet placed, regardless of its nature.

During each round of play, the croupier spins the wheel and rolls a ball onto the table. Once the ball settles, it marks a winning number and removes losing bets from the table. The remaining chips are paid out according to the payout table, and the process repeats.

Each roulette table carries a placard listing the minimum and maximum bets that may be made, with higher limits for inside bets than for outside bets. Before playing, set a budget and choose a table that will allow you to wager within that limit. If you win a bet, cash out your winnings as quickly as possible, and don’t use those chips to make new bets. Otherwise, you’ll be increasing your risk of losing and may end up betting more than you can afford to lose.

Before the wheel is spun, people put their bets on the roulette table by laying down chips on a betting mat, with the precise location of the chips indicating a bet being made. Typically, bets on six or less numbers are termed “Inside bets” and those on 12 or more are called “Outside bets”.

Straight-up bets are straightforward, placing your chip directly on the desired number on the roulette table map. Split bets pick two numbers to form a square on the betting mat, while corner bets pick four adjacent numbers. These bets pay out in proportion to the odds of each, with a straight-up bet on 1 paying out 392 chips if it wins.